Daily Practice Questions 2016 (1)

AJIT  KUMAR                                                                                              Wisdom IAS, New Delhi

Current Affairs
                                                               Prelim Exam 2016
(1) India launched an International Solar Alliance (ISA) at the CoP21 Climate Conference in 2015. Which of the following is/are among the objectives of the ISA?
(I) To get $1 trillion investments in the solar sector worldwide by 2030.
(II)  Another objective is to get solar sector-specific human resources development in all member countries and ensure that any research and development in a country becomes available to all.
(III) Replace nuclear energy by solar energy which is safe and pollution-free.
Select the answer from the given code
(a) I only
(b) I and II
(c) II and III
(d) All of the above
 Expl. The International Solar Alliance (ISA)  initiative was announced by Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, at the Conference of Parties in (COP 21) in Paris  November 2015.  The international alliance is expected to have 121 members. It comprises of countries with land between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic of Cancer which typically have 300 or more days of sunshine a year. Only countries between the two Tropics will be eligible as members, others can join as partners. The ISA will be headquartered in India. For the first time that India will have the headquarters of an international agency. The government of India will host the ISA’s Secretariat for five years, following which it is expected to generate its own resources and become truly independent.
In its launch resolution, the ISA says it seeks to share collective ambitions to reduce the cost of finance and technology that is needed to deploy solar power widely; generation and storage technologies would be adapted to the individual countries’ needs. Among the tasks that the Alliance would pursue are, cooperation in training, building institutions, regulatory issues, common standards, and investment including joint ventures.
U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said the United Nations would work closely with the ISA and commended India’s success in adopting the technology, as witnessed in the solar projects in Gujarat.

(2) The annual World Economic Forum (WEF) held in January 20-23, at Davos-Klosters, Sweetzerland involving internationally known, leading economists, politicians, scientists and businessmen. The WEF is-
(a) an organ of UNO
(b) a sub-unit of IMF
(c) an organization under WTO
(d) a charitable foundation
Ans. (d)
Expl. The World Economic Forum (WEF) is a charitable foundation, primarily known for its annual meeting which takes place in Davos. It also has regional offices in Peking and New York.

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