Questions asked From Economy in General Study - IAS Exam – 2015


Ajit Kumar AJIT KUMARWISDOM IAS, New Delhi.

  AJIT  KUMAR                              Wisdom IAS, New Delhi

UPSC  IAS Exam- 2015
Following Questinos have been sorted out from first three papers of General Study to show the wide coverage of Economy in the Main Examinations.

Instructions: Answer the following questions in not more than 200 words each. Contents of the answers are more important than their length. All questions carry equal marks.


Note: Each question carries 12.5 Marks (12.5×23 = 237.5 Marks )  
           
                                                  Economic Reform/LPG
Q1. Discuss the positive and negative effects of globalization on women in India?
                                                  Economic Growth/ GDP
Q2. The nature of economic growth in India in recent times is often described as a jobless growth. Do you agree with this view? Give arguments in favour of your answer.
                                                 Agriculture/ Food Security
Q3. Livestock rearing has a big potential for providing non- farm employment and income in rural areas. Discuss suggesting suitable measures to promote this sector in India.
Q4. In the view of the declining average size of land holdings in India which has made agriculture non – viable for a majority of farmers should contract farming and land leasing be promoted in agriculture? critically evaluate the pros and cons.
Q5. How can the Digital India program help farmers to improve farm productivity and income? What step has the government taken in this regard?
Q6. What are the impediments in marketing and supply chain management in developing the food processing industry in India? Can e-commerce help in overcoming this bottleneck?
                                                   Industry/ Corporate
Q7. What are the economic significances of discovery of oil in Arctic Sea and its possible environmental consequences?
Q8. In the light of Satyam Scandal (2009), discuss the changes brought in the corporate governance to ensure transparency and accountability.
Q9. “Success of make in India program depends on the success of Skill India programme and radical labour reforms.” Discuss with logical arguments.
Q10. There is a clear acknowledgement that Special Economic Zones (SEZs) are a tool of industrial development, manufacturing and exports. Recognising this potential, the whole instrumentality of SEZs require augmentation. Discuss the issue plaguing the success of SEZs with respect to taxation, governing laws and administration.
Q11. The persisting drives of the government for development of large industries in backward areas have resulted in isolating the tribal population and the farmers who face multiple displacements. With Malkangiri and Naxalbari foci, discuss the corrective strategies needed to win the Left Wing Extremism (LWE) doctrine affected citizens back into mainstream of social and economic growth.
                                                           Infrastructure
Q12. Smart cities in India cannot sustain without smart villages. Discuss this statement in the backdrop of rural urban integration.
Q13. To what factors can be the recent dramatic fall in equipment cost and tariff of solar energy be attributed? What implications does the trend have for thermal power producers and related industry?
                                                         Finance/ Banking
Q14. Examine critically the recent changes in the rule governing foreign funding of NGOs under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act (FCRA), 1976.
Q15. The Self Help Group (SHG) Bank Linkage Program (SBLP), which is India’s own innovation , has proved to be one of the most effective poverty alleviation and women empowerment programme. Elucidate.
                                                            Subsidy
Q16. In what way could replacement of price subsidy with direct benefit Transfer (DBT) change the scenario of subsidies in India? Discuss.
                                                           Social Sector
Poverty
Q17. Critically examine whether growing population is the cause of poverty OR poverty is the mains cause of population increase in India.
Q18. Though there have been several different estimates of poverty in India, all indicate reduction in poverty over time. Do you agree. Critically examine with reference to urban and rural poverty indicators.
Demography
Q19. How do you explain the statistics that show that the sex ratio in Tribes in India is more favourable to women than the sex ratio among Scheduled Castes?
Q20. Discuss the changes in the trends of labour migration within and outside India in the last four decades.
Health
Q21. Public health system has limitation in providing universal health coverage. Do you think that private sector can help in bridging the gap? What other viable alternatives do you suggest?
                                                        External Sector
Q22. Craze for gold in Indian has led to surge in import of gold in recent years and put pressure on balance of payments and external value of rupee. In view of this, examine the merits of Gold Monetization scheme.
                                                     Climate Change
Q23. Discuss the Namami Gange and National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) programmes and causes of mixed results from the previous schemes. What quantum leaps can help preserve the river Ganga better than incremental inputs?

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