Union Budget 2019 – 20 (Nirmala Sitharaman)


Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman presented the maiden budget of Narendra Modi 2.0 government in the Lok Sabha on Friday. “Gaon, Garib and Kisan [village, poor, and farmer] is at the centre of all policies of this government.

 Here are the highlights of the Union Budget:
1. Direct Taxation
- Interest deduction on housing loan under Section 80EE increased by 1.5 lakhs for home loans taken on self-occupied house property by 31/3/2020, houses with the cost of Rs 45 lacs will be eligible for this. 
- Interchangeability of PAN and Aadhar for ease and convenience of taxpayers! Income Tax return can be filed using Aadhar Number!!
- To discourage cash payments TDS@2% on withdrawals exceeding 1Cr per annum from a bank account
- Surcharge for individuals having taxable income from Rs 2 crores to Rs 5 crores increased to 18% from 15%
- Surcharge for individuals having taxable income from Rs 5 crores to Rs 10 crores increased to 22% from 15% – FY 2019-20
- Proposal to give relief in levy of securities transaction tax
- Corporate tax worth 25% that is applicable to companies with an annual turn over Rs 250 crore will be applicable to the ones with an annual turnover of Rs 400 crore
- 35AD extended to Li-On battery, Semi-Conductor, Laptops, Fabrication & Photo Volic
2. Infrastructure
- Focus on investment in infrastructure, national highways and aviation sectors
- The second phase of Bharat Mala to develop state highways
- A comprehensive restructuring of national highways will be taken up
3. Education
- National education policy to propose major changes in both secondary and higher education
- Swayam Initiative – Digital education to be promoted
- Greater focus on research and development – National Research Foundation to fund and promote research – pooling of research grants from various ministries and disbursing them, preventing duplication of research projects
- For the Youth – New national educational policy to transform the Indian education system
4. Startup Development
Government to introduce a host of exclusive programs for startups on DD News
5. Household
- Provision of housing, electricity, clean cooking facility, safe and adequate drinking water to all in rural India
- Encouragement of rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge, and management of household wastewater for reuse in agriculture
- Har Ghar Jal – to all rural household by 2024
 - 7 crore LPG connections delivered to rural households
6. Pension
Proposed pension benefit to 3 crore retail traders and shopkeepers whose annual turnover is up to Rs 1.5 crore  
- 350 crore rupees allocated for 2% interest subvention for all GST-registered MSMEs on fresh or incremental loans
- MSME: Large-scale extensive reforms planned, government to create a platform for MSME payments
- MSME to get loans up to 1 crore within 59 minutes. Loans worth Rs. 350 crore already disburse
8. Women Empowerment
- Committee to be formed with Public and Private stakeholders for gender equality
- Every SHG Women having Jan Dhan Account – Rs. 5,000/- overdraft allowed
- Loan up to 1 lakh under Mudra Scheme for Women entrepreneurs
9. NRI
- Proposal for Issuance of Aadhar Card on arrival for NRIs with Indian Passports
- Aadhaar card for NRI’s post arrival in India
- To increase NRI investment in Indian capital market – NRI portfolio scheme route and FPI route should merge
10. Railway Budget
- Railway infra would need an investment of 50 lakh crores between 2018 and 2030;
- PPP  to be used to unleash faster development and delivery of passenger freight services
- Railway Station Modernisation will be launched this year.
- Indian Railways to be encouraged to invest more in urban and suburban regions
657KM of Metro Rail operational in the country.
11. Banking and Financial Sector
- Reforms will be taken to strengthen governance in Public Sector banks
- NPAs of commercial banks reduced by over 1 lach crores over last year
- Record Recovery of over 4lac crore with IBS
- NPAs of commercial banks reduced by over 1 lakh crore over last year
- After Consolidation of Public Sector Banks, now 70,000 Crore of Capital boost for credit improvement
- Government has smoothly carried out consolidation, reducing the number of PSBs by 8
- NBFCs – that are fundamentally sound, will get fundings from govt to a total of 1lakh crore during the current financial year
- RBI has limited regulatory Authorities, Now the Regulatory Authorities of RBI over NBFC will be placed
- Proposals for strengthening the regulatory authority of RBI over NBFCs
- Debenture Redemption Reserve to be maintained
- Proposal to return regulatory authority from NHB to RBI!
12. Electric Vehicles
- Lower GST Rate from 12% to 5% on Electric vehicle and Additional Income Tax
- Deduction of 2.5 Lakh on Interest paid on loan taken to purchase an electric vehicle
- To make electric vehicles affordable, additional IT deduction on 1.5 lakh on interest paid on loan taken to purchase electric vehicles
13. Technology
- Solar storage batteries and chargers included in 35AD deduction
- Program of mass scaling of LED Bulbs – Approx. 35 Crores of LED bulbs distribute
- Machines and robots to be deployed for scavenging
- Focus on VR, AI, Robotics training to youth to align India with the World

14. space power
- A Public Sector Enterprise viz. New Space India Limited (NSIL) has been incorporated as a new commercial arm of Department of Space to tap the benefits of the Research & Development carried out by ISRO.
- The Company will spearhead commercialization of various space products including production of launch vehicles, transfer to technologies and marketing of space products.

Friday, 05th Jul 2019, 01:14:42 PM

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