Structure of an Essay


Ajit Kumar AJIT KUMARWISDOM IAS, New Delhi.


 


An essay usually takes the following structured format:
(i) The introduction
(ii) The main body: a development of the issues
(iii) The conclusion



Introduction


The function of the introduction is to introduce the subject, to explain how you understand the question, and describe briefly how you intend to deal with it.


Main Body


Essays are generally a blend of researched evidence (e.g. from additional reading) and comment.
Some essays are written as a catalogues of factual material or summaries of other people's thoughts, attitudes, philosophies or viewpoints. At the opposite extreme, others express only personal opinions with little or no researched evidence or examples taken from other writers to support their views.  What is needed is a balance. Generally, it is important to back up the points you wish to make from your experience with the findings of other published researchers and writers.

Quotations should not be used as a substitute for your own words. A quote should always have an explanation in your own words to show its significance to your argument.

When you are citing another author's text you should always indicate exactly where the evidence comes from with a reference, i.e. give the author's name, date of publication and the page number in your work. 



Conclusion


One should include a short conclusion, the purpose of which is to sum up or draw a conclusion from your argument or comparison of viewpoints. In other words, conclusion indicates what has been accomplished. 

Thursday, 06th Jul 2017, 07:46:09 AM

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