Rules Related to Adjectives


Ajit Kumar AJIT KUMARWISDOM IAS, New Delhi.

                                     Rules Related to Adjectives

(1) “Some” is used to express degree or quantity in an affirmative sentence. “Any” is used in negative or interrogative sentence.
Incorrect – Has he eaten some mangoes?
Correct – Has he eaten any mangoes?
 
(2) Numerical adjectives are used for countable nouns. They tell the number of nouns in the sentence. They might also refer to the position of person or thing.
Incorrect – He has little chocolates in my pocket.
Correct – He has few chocolates in my pocket.

(3) Ordinal preceded cardinal, when both are used in a sentence together.
For example
Incorrect – The hundred first customers will be given discount.
Correct – The first hundred customers will be given discount.

(4) Words “later and latest” refer to time while “latter and last” refers to position.
For example

Incorrect – Though I had reached at 8am, I was latest in the class.
Correct – Though I had reached at 8am, I was last in the class.

(5) “Further” means more/additional while “farther” means away in terms of distance/advancement
Incorrect – The medicine helped her in farther improvement.
Correct – The medicine helped her in further improvement.

(6) “Each” is used to denote two or more nouns, while “every” is used to denote more than two nouns.
Incorrect – Every of the two glasses are broken.
Correct – Each of the two glasses are broken.

(7) Adjectives such as some, little, much, more, enough, all, any, great, half, whole, sufficient, etc show quantity of things or people. They are used for uncountable nouns.
Incorrect – The man drank few water.
Correct – The man drank some water.

(8) Comparative adjective should be used for comparison between nouns. For this superlative should not be used.
For example
Incorrect – Which according to you is the best OS between Android and Windows?
Correct – Which according to you is better OS between Android and Windows?

(9) “Elder and eldest” should be used for people only. “Older and oldest” can be used for both living and non-living things.
Incorrect – My grandfather is older to my mother.
Correct – My grandfather is elder to my mother.

(10) When comparative degree is used for comparison, the noun which is compared should be excluded from the group by using the word “other”.
Incorrect – He is faster than any boy in the school.
Correct – He is faster than any other boy in the school.

(11) When superlative degree is used for comparison, the noun which is compared should be included in the group.
Incorrect – He is fastest of all the other boys in the school.
Correct – He is fastest of all the boys in the school.

(12) When two nouns are compared, it is very important that same parameter of both the nouns should be compared.
Incorrect – India’s population is lesser than China.
Correct – India’s population is lesser than that of China.

(13) Double usage of comparative or superlative degrees should not be done.
For example
Incorrect – He is the most fastest boy in the class.
Correct – He is the fastest boy in the class.

(14) The comparative Adjectives such as “superior inferior, senior, junior, prior, anterior, posterior prefer, etc.” should be followed by ‘to’ instead of ‘than’.
Incorrect – Kapil is senior than me.
Correct – Kapil is senior to me.

(15) Some adjectives do not have different degrees of comparison. Such words are – unique, ideal,perfect, complete, universal, entire, extreme, chief, etc.
Incorrect – Kohinoor is the most unique diamond.
Correct – Kohinoor is a unique diamond.

(16) All the Adjectives which refer to the same Noun should be in the same degree of comparison.
Incorrect – He is the wisest and brave soldier in the army.
Correct – He is the wisest and bravest soldier in the army.

(17) When two qualities of same noun are compared, then comparative adjective with “-er” should not be used. Instead “more + positive degree” should be used.
Incorrect – The knight is wiser than brave.
Correct – The knight is more wise than brave.

(18) When two adjectives of comparative or superlative degree are used together, one formed by ‘mare’ or ‘most’ must follow the other adjective.
He is more intelligent and wiser than his brother.
He is wiser and more intelligent than his brother.
 



Tuesday, 25th Apr 2017, 10:42:03 AM

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