Prithvi-II Nuke capable missile successfully test-fired from Odisha


Ajit Kumar AJIT KUMARWISDOM IAS, New Delhi.

India in December 2013 successfully test-fired indigenously developed nuclear-capable Prithvi-II missile with a strike range of 350 km from a test range at Chandipur in Odisha as part of a user trial by defence forces. Prithvi is capable of carrying 500 kg to 1,000 kg of warheads and is thrusted by liquid propulsion twin engines. It uses advanced inertial guidance system with manoeuvering trajectory.
The surface-to-surface missile was test-fired from a mobile launcher in salvo mode from launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range, about 15 km from here, defence. The launch of the sophisticated missile was a complete success, All the mission parameters were met during the trial.
The missile was randomly chosen from the production stock and the launch activities were carried out by the specially formed Strategic Force Command (SFC) and monitored by scientists of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as part of training exercise. The missile trajectory was tracked by DRDO radars, electro-optical tracking systems and telemetry stations located along the coast of Odisha.
The downrange teams onboard a ship deployed near the designated impact point in Bay of Bengal monitored the terminal events and splashdown.
Inducted into India's Strategic Forces Command in 2003, Prithvi, the first missile developed by DRDO under India's prestigious IGMDP (Integrated Guided Missile Development Program), is now a proven technology.
The launch was part of a regular training exercise of SFC and was monitored by DRDO scientists. Such training launches clearly indicate India's operational readiness to meet any eventuality and also establishes the reliability of this deterrent component of India's strategic arsenal. The Defence Research and Development Organisation, which developed both Prithvi-II and Dhanush, plans to test-fire the surface-to-surface Agni-IV, another strategic missile with a range of 4,000 km, from the Wheeler Island, off the Odisha coast. The Agni-IV, capable of carrying a one-tonne nuclear warhead, has proved to be successful twice so far. The naval version of the Prithvi-II is Dhanush, which can carry a nuclear warhead of 500 kg over 250 km.
Prithvi  
Prithvi is a Surface-to-Surface Battle field Missile. It uses a single state, twin-engine liquid propulsion system and strap-down inertial guidance with real-time software incorporated in the onboard computer to achieve the desired accuracy during impact. Prithvi has higher lethal effect compared to any equivalent class of missiles in the world. Prithvi is a unique missile today having manoeuverable trajectory and high level capability with field interchangeable warheads. Its accuracy has been demonstrated in the development flight trials. Flight trails for Air force has been completed. This system is now being configured for launching from ship, increasing its capability as a sea mobile system.
DRDO
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), formed in 1958,  is a network of more than 50 laboratories which are deeply engaged in developing defence technologies covering various disciplines, like aeronautics, armaments, electronics, combat vehicles, engineering systems, instrumentation, missiles, advanced computing and simulation, special materials, naval systems, life sciences, training, information systems and agriculture. Presently, the Organisation is backed by over 5000 scientists and about 25,000 other scientific, technical and supporting personnel. Several major projects for the development of missiles, armaments, light combat aircrafts, radars, electronic warfare systems etc are on hand and significant achievements have already been made in several such technologies.
Vision of DRDO is to make India prosperous by establishing world class science and technology base and provide our Defence Services decisive edge by equipping them with internationally competitive systems and solutions.
Mission of DRDO are to design, develop and lead to production state-of-the-art sensors, weapon systems, platforms and allied equipment for our Defence Services; to provide technological solutions to the Services to optimise combat effectiveness and to promote well-being of the troops; and to develop infrastructure and committed quality manpower and build strong indigenous technology base.
 











 

 


 

 

Tuesday, 14th Jan 2014, 12:42:48 AM

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