One Word Substitution - 2


Ajit Kumar AJIT KUMARWISDOM IAS, New Delhi.

1.   Someone who is kind, gentle, and harmless - benign  दयालु
2.   To do away with rule - abrogate  निरस्त करना
3.   A simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson, as told by jesus in the
                                                                                     gospels: - parable  नीतिकथा
4.   Using of new words - neology   नये शब्द आमल में लाना
5.   A small enclosere for cattle ,sheep ,polutry etc - pen   बाड़ा
6.   Music played or sung at night below a person’s window - serenade   प्रेमगीत गाना
7.   Strong and settled dislike between two persons - antipathy विद्वेष 
8.   A small house with all rooms on one floor - bungalow   कोठी
9.   An extremely deep crack or opening in the ground - chasm खाई 
10.                Lottery in which an article is assigned by lot to one of those buying tickets - raffle
                                                                                                       /draw  पांसा ; लाटरी
11.                One who always runs away from danger - timid भीरू
12.                One who despises (hate) persons of lower social position - snob घमण्डी 
13.                Gradual recovery from illness - convalescence  स्वास्थ्य-लाभ 
14.                One who is determined to exact full vengeance for wrong done to him –vindictive बदला
                                                                                                                        लेनेवाला
15.                Commencement of words with the same letter - alliteration अनुप्रास अलंकार
16.                A person living permanently in a certain place - domicile आवास
17.                To slap with a flat object - swat शक्तिशाली प्रहार
18.                An assembly of hearers (सुननेवाला) - assemblage जमावड़ा
19.                One who is unrelenting and cannot be moved by entreaties (appeal) - inexorable  हठीला
20.                Regard for others as principle of a action - altruism परोपकारिता
21.                A disease which spreads by contact - contagious  संक्रामक
22.                An animal story with moral --fable  कल्पित कहानी
23.                Person who pilots or travels in a balloon airship or other aircraft - Aeronaut  वायु-यान
                                                                                                                 चलानेवाला
24.                Witty , clever retort - repartee  हाजिर जवाबी
25.                A story in which ideas are symbolised as people - allegory  रूपक कथा
26.                A common place remark - platitude मामूली बात
27.                A sudden rush of wind - gust  झोंक
28.                Not conforming to ordinary rules of behaviour – eccentric  सनकी
29.                Short descriptive poem or picturesque scene or incident -idyll   काव्य
30.                A person who is reserved in talks - reticent  मितभाषी
31.                A short stay at a place -sojourn अस्थाई निवास
32.                A raised place on which offering to a god are made - altar वेदिका
33.                Government by the gods - theocracy धर्मतन्त्र
34.               A person with full discretionary power to act on behalf of a country - plenipotentiary
                                                                                                  निरंकुश; पूर्णाधिकारी
35.                Treat (a sacred place or thing) with violent disrespect: - desecrate  भ्रष्ट करना
36.                A small piece of something removed in the course of chopping, cutting, or breaking a hard
          material such as wood or stone: - chip गिट्टी;  रोड़ी
37.                A pioneer of a reform movement - apostle प्रचारक 
38.                Wicked to a high degree - heinous  घृणित
39.                The original inhabitants of a country - aborigines  मुलनिवासी
40.                A secret dungeon (prison) with access only through a trapdoor (in its ceiling). - oubliette
41.                Science of printing - typography  मुद्रण कला
42.                One who robs smuggler of his smuggled goods after the border has been crossed –
                                                                                                   hijacker अपहरणकर्ता 
43.                Use of more words than are needed to express the meaning – pleonasm  शब्द-बाहुल्य
44.                The science of judging of a person’s character capabilities etc. From an examination of the
          shape of his skull - phrenology  कपालविद्या
45.               A political leader who tries to stir up people - demagogue जनोत्तेजक
46.                A light sailing boat built especially for racing - yacht  पाल-नौका 
47.                Atonement for one’s sins - repentance  पश्चात्ताप 
48.                Be the embodiment or perfect example -personify मूर्त रूप होना
49.                A person who maliciously destroys by fire - incendiary आग लगानेवाला
50.                The line which a plough cuts in the ground - furrow लीक बनाना
51.                A person concerned with practical results and values - pragmatist   यथार्थवादी 
52.                Responsible according to law - legitimate  विधि सम्मत
53.                Decision made upon a political question by the votes of all qualified persons - plebiscite 
                                                                                                                       जनमत-संग्रह 
54.                Shining , brilliant and magnificent - resplendent  देदीप्यमान
55.                Cutting for stone in the bladder - lithotomy लिथाटमी
56.                A heavy unnatural slumber - stupor जड़ता 
57.               To do away with rules – abrogate  रद्द करना
58.                A person sharing responsibility for a political party’s discipline and tactics - whip  कोड़ा;                      
                                                                                                                         अनुदेश 
59.                Food which agrees with one’s taste - palatable रुचिकर
60.                A story in verse - ballad  गाथागीत 
61.                Plain or self evident truth- truism स्वयं सिद्ध
62.                A person who has just started learning - apprentice शिक्षु
63.                One who is likeable - amiable सर्वप्रिय
64.                Person who gives himself up to luxury and sexual pleasures -voluptuary विलासमय
65.                A women of lax moral - harlot वेश्या 
66.                A person who makes a deposition or affidavit under oath. -deponent   गवाह
67.                A person who makes and sells ladies hats, etc. - milliner महिलाओं के हैट बेचनेवाला
68.                To mediate between two parties in a dispute - intercede  मध्यस्थता करना
69.                The branch of science which deals with the problems of the old - geriatrics  जराचिकित्सा
70.                Property inherited from one's father or male ancestor: - patrimony पुश्तैनी
71.                Something left in a will by someone who has died - legacy  उत्तर दान
72.                The doctrine that human souls pass from one body to another at the time of death -    
                                                                                transmigration  स्थानांतरगमन
73.                A drawing on transparent paper - transparency पारदर्शी चित्र
74.                The act of violating the sanctity of church - sacrilege  अपवित्रीकरण 
75.                A style in which a writer makes a display of his knowledge - pedantic रूढ़िवादी
76.                One who thinks that human nature is essentially evil - cynic  दोषदर्षी
77.                Interested mainly in a small group, country etc. - insular एकांत
78.                The period between two reigns - interregnum  राजा अंतर्राज
79.                One who does not know how to save the money - spendthrift अपव्ययी
80.                Walk with a stiff, erect, and apparently arrogant or conceited gait: - strut अकड़कर चलना
81.                Peacocks strut through the grounds.
82.                Clumsy or ill-bred fellow - boor  गँवार
83.                A small shop that sells fashionable clothes, cosmetics etc. - boutique वस्त्रालय 
84.                The normal abode of any animal or plant - habitant  निवासी
85.                A person who is skilled in horsemanship - equestrian अश्वारोही
86.                To atone one’s sins – expiate  प्रायश्चित करना
87.                The rule of a person who is tyrant - despotism तानाशाही 
88.                Of outstanding significance - monumental अति महत्वपूर्ण
89.                A tumour which is not likely to spared - benign सुसाध्य
90.                To remove the skin of a potato or and orange - peel छिलना
91.                To surround with armed forces - besiege  घेरा डालना
92.                A person who wishes to throw over all establishments - anarchist अराजकतावादी
93.                To cause (blood or lymph) to escape into the surrounding tissues from their proper 
                                                                                vessels  - extravasate
94.               A book or picture produced merely to bring in money  and is of poor quality.- potboiler
                                                                                                            सस्ती घटिया पुस्तक
95.                Deviation or departure from common rule of standard - anomaly असंगति 
96.                Elderly women in charge of a girl on social occasions - chaperon  संरक्षिका
97.                A song sung by several singers without any musical instruments. - madrigal गांव का गीत
98.               A person without objective reality - hallucination भ्रम 
99.                The drug induces hallucinations at high doses.
100.             Open rebellion of soldiers and sailors against lawful authority - mutiny बगावत करना
101.             A verse letter - epistle  काव्यपत्र
102.             A person who travels from place to place - itinerant यायावर
103.             Something which can be taken for granted - postulate स्वयं सिद्ध मान लेना
104.             Words used in ancient time but no longer in general use now - archaic पुरातन
105.             Cutting all the waste paper into pieces - shredding कतरना
106.             Government by all - pantisocracy  सर्वतन्त्र
107.             Two wheeled cab for two to ride indie with driver mounted up behind - hansom ताँगा
108.             Destroy without any trace - obliterate  मिटा देना
109.             Whole villages were obliterated by fire.
110.            Existing, occurring, or done under the earth's surface: - subterranean भूमिगत
111.             An unreal and visionary ideal - chimerical  कल्पित
112.             Give back to the users their youthful vigour and appearance– rejuvenate फिर से जवान बनना
113.             A lover of mankind - altruist/philanthropist परोपकारी
114.             An unconventional style of living - bohemian रूढ़िमुक्त
115.             A person who is blindly devoted to an idea - chauvinist अंधराष्ट्रीवादी
116.             Suave ( विनीत, polished and light hearted person) - debonair  मिलनसार
117.             A dabbler (not serious in art, science and literature) - dilettante अधकचरा;  नौसिखुआ
118.             That cannot be entered by force – impregnable  अभेद्य
119.            A person who leads an immoral life - libertine/lecher व्यभिचारी व्यक्ति
120.            One hates the institution of marriage - misogamist विवाह से घृणा करने वाला 
121.             One who eats everything - omnivorous  सर्वभक्षी
122.            One who works for the welfare of the women - philogynist /feminist  महिलावादी
123.             A boastful fellow - swashbuckler  डींगमार
124.            A noisy quarrelsome women, a shrew - termagant झगड़ालू औरत
125.             One who is habitual drunken - toper/sot  नशेबाज
126.             One who is brilliant performer on stage(specially music) - virtuoso कला-मर्मज्ञ
127.            An annual calendar with position of stars -almanac पंचांग 
128.             Compulsory enlistment for military service - conscription  अनिवार्य सैनिक सेवा
129.            An exact copy of handwriting ,printing - facsimile/xerox प्रतिच्छाया
130.             Animals which live in a flock , used for human beings also - gregarious/sociable  झुण्ड में    
                                                                                                                              रहनेवाला
131.            An act of separation from a person to avoid infection - quarantine  पृथक करना
132.            Dress with medals, ribbons worn at official ceremonies - regalia बादशाही निशान या झण्डा
133.            A place where animals are slaughtered for the market - abattoir बूचड़खाना 
134.             A place where treasurers ,stores ,ammunition are hidden - cache  गुप्त भण्डार
135.            A nursery where babies and young children are cared for during the working day - crèche
                                                                                                                    पालना-घर
136.             An original glass bottle for holding wine or other alcoholic drinks - decanter  शीशे की सुराही
137.            A squirrel’s home - drey घोसला
138.             A place in a large institution for the care of those who are ill: - infirmary अस्पताल 
139.             A place for wild animals and birds - menagerie वन्य पशु समूह
140.            A place where lather is tanned - tannery चर्मशोधनशाला
141.            One who drives a motor car - chauffeur मोटर-चालक
142.             One who introduces performing artists on the stage programmes - compere  सूत्रधार 
143.            One who studies the pattern of voting in elections - psephologist चुनाव विश्लेषक
144.            Government by old man - gerontocracy जरातंत्र



145.            Government by the worst citizen – kakistocracy निकृष्ट लोगों की सरकार 


146.            A funeral procession comprising a number of mourners – cortege जलूस
147.             Murder of one’s children - filicide शिशु हत्या
148.             Murder of one’s brother - fratricide   भ्रातृहत्या 
149.             Murder of one’s parents - parricide  पिता को जान ले लेनेवाला
150.             Murder of one’s sister - sororicide  बहन हत्या 
151.             Happening in five years - quinquennial पंचवार्षिक
152.             150th anniversary - sesquicentennial  डेढ़ सौ साल का
153.             A collection of poem - anthology  गद्यावली
154.             A large number of cotton tied in a bundle - bale गांठ
155.             A large group of girls/ladies - bevy स्त्रियों का दल
156.             A pair of pigeons - brace जोड़ा 
157.             Of inner circle of members of government - caucus गुट
158.             A small person belonging to a body - clique गिरोह
159.             A group of applauders i.e. Paid to clap - claque किराये के प्रंशसक
 



Sunday, 09th Apr 2017, 07:21:01 AM

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