One Word Substitution - 1


Ajit Kumar AJIT KUMARWISDOM IAS, New Delhi.

1.   A place for the collection of dried plants  - herbarium; सूखी वनस्पतियों का संग्राह
2.   A case in which the sword is kept – sheath; म्यान
3.   Free from infection – immune; प्रतिरक्षा
4.   The dead body of a animal – carcass; शव
5.   The science of colours - chromatics  रंग संबंधी विज्ञान
6.   The science of the structure of human body - anatomy  शरीर रचना विज्ञान



7.   The art of effective speaking - elocution वाग्मिता

8.   The study of rocks and soils - geology भूगर्भशास्त्र
9.   The study of mountains - orology पार्वतिकी
10.                The study of languages - philology भाषा-विज्ञान 
11.                The study of the origin and history of words - etymology ब्द-व्युपत्तिशास्र
12.                The study of ancient writing -paleography प्राचीन शिलालेखों का अध्ययन
13.               The art of preserving skin – taxidermy चर्म प्रसाधन 
14.                One who is settles in another country - immigrant   प्रवासी नागरिक
15.                One who knows many languages - polyglot बहुभाषाविद
16.                One who deals in cattle -drover चरवाहा
17.                One who cuts precious stones –lapidary संगतराश 
18.                One who cure eye disease - oculist नेत्र-विशेषज्ञ
19.                One who sells sweets and pastries - confectioner  हलवाई
20.                One who loads and unloads ships - stevedore जहाजीकुली
21.                One who retires from society to live a solitary life - recluse वानप्रस्थ
22.                One who pretends to be what he is not -hypocrite  पाखंडी 
23.                A professional rider in horse races - jockey  घुड़दौड़ का सवार
24.                A number of sheep - flock पशु का समूह
25.                A collection of flags - bunting  ध्वजपट
26.                A number of stars grounded together- constellation  तारामंडल
27.                A factory for manufacturing of beers – brewery  मद्यनिर्माणशाला 
28.                One who is against the religion -heretic  विधर्मी
29.                One who eats human flesh - cannibal  नरभक्षी
30.                One who lives at the same time - contemporary समकालीन
31.                One who is more than a hundred years old - centenarian  शतायु व्यक्ति
32.                A person who takes particular pleasure in fine food and drink - epicure रसिया 
33.                One who lives on others - parasite मुफ्तखोर
34.                One who is a habitual drunkard - toper  पियक्कड़
35.                The period between two reigns - interregnum राजा अंतर्राज
36.                A council of clergymen -synod  धर्मसभा
37.                The ceremony at which a man becomes a priest -ordination  दीक्षा
38.                Violating religious things - sacrilege  अपवित्रीकरण 
39.                One who intolerantly devoted to a particular creed - bigot धर्मान्ध
40.                Engaged to be married – betrothed  मँगेतर 
41.                An instrument for recoding the revolutions of the earth - gyroscope
42.                A poem of mourning - elegy  शोकगीत
43.                A hollow space in a wall for a statue - niche ताखा
44.                Languages that has been very much used - hackneyed घिसा-पिटा
45.                Correct spelling - orthography हिज्जे
46.                A very private room - sanctum sanctorum  गर्भ-गृह
47.                Killing one’s father - patricide  पितृहत्या 
48.                A medicine that loosens the bowels - laxative विरेचक
49.                A speech made to oneself - soliloquy  आत्मभाषण
50.                Separation from other people to avoid infection - quarantine संगरोधन करना
51.                An imaginary ideal - utopia  काल्पनिक आदर्श
52.                A thing kept in memory of an event - souvenir  स्मारिका
53.                Common place remarks - platitudes मामूली बात
54.                Belief of god in nature - pantheism सवेर्श्वरवाद
55.                Incapable of being burnt - incombustible अदाह्य
56.                A person suffering from nervous breakdown - neurotic तंत्रिका रोग से ग्रस्त
57.                An instrument for measuring pressure of gases - manometer दाबमापी
58.                An exaggerated statement - hyperbole  अतिशयोक्ति 
59.                One who is completely satisfied - complacent आत्मसन्तुष्ट
60.                Simple and easily deceived - gullible  भोला भाला
61.                One who has delusions of one’s grandeur - megalomaniac अहंकारोन्मादी
62.                One who flaunts newly acquired wealth - parvenu नवधनाढ्य
63.                Weariness of and sadness for life and world - weltschmerz  विरक्ति 
64.                Boredom and frustration in life - ennui  विरक्ति
65.                Shy, timid , unwilling to face a situation - diffident  शंकालु
66.                One who is chivalrous, idealistic and unpractical - quixotic अव्यावहारिक
67.                One who is grave and gloomy - saturnine  उदास
68.                The act of enjoying or having an experience indirectly - vicariously
69.               The tendency to postpone things for future - procrastination
70.                To relax in a countryside far away from the humdrum (monotonous ) of town -  Rusticate
71.                To spend life without purpose and imitative - vegetate  निष्क्रिय जीवन बिताना



72.                A girl who flirts egregiously - coquetry नखरेबाज़ी


73.                A women who lures men to destroy them - circe सर्सी
74.                A tall strong, masculine kind of women - amazon  वीरांगना
75.                A loud-mouthed turbulent kind of women - virago  चण्डी
76.                A traitor who can betray even his friends or country - judas गद्रदार
77.                The ability to understand and share the feelings of another. - empathy  समवेदना
78.                An embarrassing mistake - a faux pas भारी भूल 
79.                A mixture of dried petals and spices placed in a bowl to perfume a room. - Potpourri  ठिकरा
80.                A characteristic language of a particular group (as among thieves) - argot  चोर-भाषा
81.                A language of special group  (as among thieves) - patois  कठबोली
82.                The idea that an animal, a god, or an object has feelings or characteristics likethose of a human being- anthropomorphism  मानवीकरण 
83.                Payment  that is given as a favour or gift and not because it is legally necessary. - ex gratia 
                                                                                                                     अनुग्रहपूर्वक
84.                A washing or cleansing of the body especially in a religious ceremony - ablution अभिषेक
85.                Something perfectly neat and tidy - immaculate निर्मल
86.                A treatise on one subject - monograph विनिबंध
87.                Art, music, theatre, and literature which is very modern and experimental - avant-garde  नवीन
                                                                                                        तरकीबों के प्रयोग में अग्रणी
88.                An official bulletin - communique विज्ञप्ति 
89.                A passage with only one end - cul-de-sac ; blind alley  बंद गली 
90.                The art of painting on a plaster surface - fresco  भित्ति-चित्र
91.                A record or table showing the descent of a person or a family - genealogy  वंशावली 
92.                A connoisseur (expert) of food and drink – gourmet स्वादिष्ट भोजन पसंद करने वाला
93.                A person or thing that goes before and announces the coming of something - harbinger अग्रदूत 
94.                A persistent anxiety about one’s health usually involving imagined symptoms of illness –
                                                                                                  hypochondria रोगभ्रम 
95.                An odd, a typical or eccentric trait - idiosyncrasy  विशेष लक्षण 
96.                To compensate a person etc. For loss or damage - indemnity
97.               A plan for or route to be followed on a journey – itinerary भ्रमण संबंधी
98.                A military government that has taken power by force, and not through elections. - junta  सैनिक  
                                                                                                                              सरकार
99.                A short journey for pleasure - jaunt सैर करना
100.             A swiftly changing scene or pattern - kaleidoscope  बहुरूपदर्शक
101.             A written attack using humour to provoke contempt - lampoon  निन्दालेख
102.             A false written statement to damage a person’s repute (status) -libel झूठ के सहारे बदनाम
                                                                                                                      करना
103.             The mistaken use of a word in place of a similar-sounding one, often with an amusing
         effect (e.g. ‘dance a flamingo’ instead of flamenco) - malapropism हास्यापद शब्द प्रयोग
104.             A full size model of a complete or partial human figure - mannequin /dummy  पुतला 
105.             Personal reminiscences in a narrative from - memoir  वृतांत
106.            A long wandering journey - odyssey
107.             His odyssey from military man to politician
108.             A speech or writing praising a person or a thing – panegyric  स्तुतिपूर्ण
109.             Prince charles's panegyric on rural living.
110.             A lover specially one who unlawfully takes the position of a wife or a husband –
                                                                              paramour  अवैध प्रेमी;  उपपत्नी
111.             A direct vote by the people of a country or region in which they say whether
           they agree or disagree with a particular policy - plebiscite जनमत-संग्रह 
112.             A portrait of a person with only the outline of the profile - silhouette  रूपरेखा बनाना
113.             Causing or tending to cause sleep - soporific निद्राकारी
114.             A substitute  - surrogate
स्थानापन्न
115.             Existing only in name -  titular नाममात्र का
116.             A short literary description marked by delicacy - vignette लघुचित्र / गुलकारी
117.             A long journey especially by sea - voyage जलयात्रा करना
118.             A person who opposes another - antagonist प्रतिपक्षी
119.             A person who is very selective disgusted easily and is hard to please - fastidious दुराराध्य
120.             Something that cannot be harmed - inviolate अनुलंघनीय



121.             Fear of crowd - enochlophobia   भीड़भीति 


122.             The sound of a bell, especially when rung solemnly for a death or funeral. - knell शोक ध्वनि
123.             A person who is pure and clean- immaculate  निष्कलंक
124.            A person predominantly concerned with external things or objective considerations. –
                                                                                               extrovert बहिर्मुखी
125.             His extrovert personality made him the ideal host.
126.             Bad handwriting / bad spelling – cacography  घसीटना / अशुद्ध वर्त्तनी
127.            A person claiming to be superior in culture and intellect to others -highbrow



128.                 A person leaving his native country to settle in another - migrant प्रवासी

129.             A person having the same name - namesake हमनाम
130.             A person who is talkative - garrulous  गप्पी
131.             Something that cannot be taken away - inalienable जो अलग किया न जा सके, अपरिहार्य
132.             One who travels from place to place - tramp  भटकना
133.             He had tramped all over the city.
134.             To move along with quick short twisting actions - wriggle छटपटाना
135.             She kicked and wriggled but he held her firmly.
136.             Describe the distinctive nature or features of: - characterise विशेषता बताना
137.             She characterized the period as the decade of revolution.
138.             One who deserts his religion - apostate  धर्म च्युत
139.             Custom of having many wives - polygamy  बहुविवाह प्रथा
140.             Person who believes that god is everything and everything is god -pantheist  सर्वेश्वरवादी
141.             Relationship by blood or birth -consanguinity  सगोत्रता 
142.             A belief or action which seriously disagrees with the principles of a particular religion.
                                                                                                       heresy  मतान्तर
143.             A country ruled by two rulers - condominium सहस्वामित्व
144.             A woman's small handbag, typically having a drawstring and decorated with embroidery
                                                                                           or beading. - reticule जाली
145.             A religious song -hymn  स्तोत्र
146.             A verse letter - epistle काव्यपत्र
147.             A animal story with moral - fable दंत कथा
148.             Art of cutting tree and bushes into ornamental shape - topiary कर्तन कला{झाड काटना}
149.             Change one’s mind two quickly - vacillation  ढुल-मुल
150.            Congratulate someone in formal manner - felicitate बधाई देना
151.             The award winner was felicitated by the cultural association.
152.             Creature having both male and female organs hermaphrodite उभयलिंगी
153.             Equal in rank - peer साथी 
154.            Fault that may be forgiven - venial क्षम्य
155.             A venial error
156.             Funny imitation of a poem - parody हास्यपूर्ण व्यंग काव्य
157.             Giving up throne by the king - abdication  राज-त्याग
158.             Go back and forth (आगे पीछे) - shuttle  ले जाना;  अंतरिक्ष यान 
159.             The nine o'clock shuttle from mughalsarai.
160.             Group of three novels, books, plays, or films  - trilogy  रचना त्रय
161.             Language difficult to understand - jargon  शब्दावली ; शब्दजाल
162.             List of explanation - glossary  शब्दकोष
163.             A long, forceful speech that someone makes to try and persuade other people to accept
                                                                           their opinions. - harangue प्रभावशाली भाषण
164.             Man having the woman’s quality - effeminate  स्त्रैण
165.             His voice was curiously high-pitched, reedy, almost effeminate.
166.             Man of lax moral - licentious व्यभिचारी
167.             Man whose wife is unfaithful to him - cuckold  कुलटा का पति
168.             Mania for travel – dromomania   यात्राउन्माद 
169.             Medicine which lessens pain - anodyne पीड़ा नाशक
170.             Morning prayer - matin आराधना 
171.             Old age when a man behave like a fool - dotage सठियापा
172.             One who comes from a village and considered stupid - bumpkin  गॅँवार
173.             One who fights for money - mercenary  किराये का सैनिक
174.             One who forsakes religion - renegade  स्वधर्मत्यागी
175.             One who is guilty of firing property - arsonist आगज़नी करने वाला
176.             One who is very careful and particular - meticulous  छिद्रान्वेषी
177.             One who pays too much attention to his cloths and appearance -dandy  सजीला
178.             One who pretends illness to escape duty - malingerer छद्मरोगी
179.             One who talks continuously - loquacious   गप्पी
180.             One whose attitude is to eat, drink and merry - epicurean विलासी
181.             People in rowdy scene - rabble  भीड़-भाड़
182.             He seems to attract a rabble of supporters more loyal to the man than to the cause.
183.             Person obsessed with one idea or subject - monomaniac एकोंमादी
184.             Person who does not believe in any religion - pagan नास्तिक
185.             A person who manages the financial affairs of a college or school. - bursar कोषाध्यक्ष 
186.             Person who is against the ordinary society esp. Dressing - hippy हिप्पी
187.             Person who is always dissatisfied - malcontent  मुख़ालिफ़तवादी
188.             Person who lives alone and avoid others - recluse  एकान्तवासी
189.             Person who loves nature - aesthete सौन्दर्योपासक
190.             A person falsely claiming to have a special knowledge or skill: - charlatan नीम-हकीम 
191.             A self-confessed con artist and charlatan.
192.             Persuasive and fluent speech  - eloquence वाकपटुता
193.             Physician who delivers babies - obstetrician प्रसूति-विज्ञानी
194.             Place where cows are sheltered - byre  गोशाला
195.             Place which provides both board and lodging - inn सराय 
196.             Power of reading thoughts of others - telepathy दूरसंवेदन
197.             Ride on someone’s back - piggyback पीठ पर सवारी
198.             Room leading into a large room - anteroom गलियारा
199.             Song sung at burial - dirge शोकगीत
200.            Thing that bring gentle and painless death from incurable disease – euthanasia इच्छामृत्यु; 



Wednesday, 01st Feb 2017, 03:50:57 AM

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