Himayat – A Skill Empowerment and Employment Programme


Ajit Kumar AJIT KUMARWISDOM IAS, New Delhi.

The Union government on December 17, 2011 launched a Centrally-sponsored programme “Himayat” (support) in Srinagar (Jammu and Kashmir) aimed at providing employment opportunities after training to one lakh youth of the state over the next five years. The programme, worked out by the committee constituted by the Prime Minister under the chairmanship of Dr C Rangarajan in 2010, provides for training and placement of the educated unemployed youth of the state through the public-private partnership. Himayat is a part of the Skills Empowerment and Employability (SEE) scheme of the Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) recommended by the Rangarajan Committee. Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) acts as the nodal agency for the project. Himayat has its focus on bridging the gap between the industry requirements and the skill set of the youth, so that more employment opportunities can be generated. The skill training is to be imparted for multiple sectors like items, Retail, Hospitality etc.
Vision
To empower the youth of J&K by providing employment opportunities through vocational training programs.
Objective
The objective of the Himayat Programme is to provide options and opportunities to all youth in J&K, ranging from school dropouts to college educated, to select training programs for salaried or self- employment as per their interest. The placements will be in the private sector, both within and outside J &K.
Main Features of the Programme
(i) The programme is a placement linked, market driven skill training programme for the youth of J&K.
(ii) The MoRD is the nodal agency in the implementation of the programme and provides both technical and financial assistance in the implementation of the programme.
(iii) The centrally sponsored Special Projects under National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), which is currently implemented by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) and which forms the basis of this scheme, is limited only to rural BPL youth. The Himayat Programme for J &K however, will be a central sector scheme, and will cover all youth: from rural and urban areas and, BPL and non-BPL category
(iv) The programme intends to cover 1 lakh youth from J & K in the next 5 years and will be implemented through competent training providers from the privatesector and non-profit organizations.
(v) The programme consists of two components- provision of training for youth to enter salaried employment and provision of assistance to youth for self-employment. The former is accorded priority and thereby allotted 70% of the Programme funds. The remaining 30 % of the Programme funds are allotted for self-employment training.
(vi) The training providers for placement linked skill training will ensure that they place at least 75% of the youth trained by them in jobs in the organized sector paying the statutory minimum wage of the State.
(vii) Placement for youth will be provided all over the country, within J &K and outside.
(viii) Under the Himayat Programme, different training strategies will be used for diverse groups of youth – school drop outs, dropouts of XII class level, and those who have had college education.
(ix) Over the course of implementing this Programme over the past year, a lot of learning has occurred. It is in this context that the current guidelines have been relooked at and revised to further strengthen the implementation and widen the reach of the programme in a systematic and accountable manner. This revised guidelines are issued in supersession of the earlier guidelines issued under the Himayat Programme.
Project Implementing Agency (PIA)
Since the Himayat Programme will be implemented as a Public-Private  Partnership, reputed and credible Private Companies (for Profit and Not for Profit) and Non-government Organizations (NGOs), Industry partners who have successfully demonstrated and implemented community based youth development and skill development initiatives may pose suitable projects to MoRD.
Training
The objective of the program is to impart skills necessary for regular employment, so that the initial salary is not less than the statutory minimum wages. In addition to technical skills, soft skills are also to be imparted to beneficiaries to face transition challenges of moving from an agrarian back drop to the industry environment.
    The PIA has to ensure appropriate content, with inputs from the industry to ensure employability as per current industry practices. Course/curriculum should preferably be designed jointly with prospective employers/industry. Training and course content into local languages has to be ensured.
(i)Training Modules to be used by the PIA for the duration of the training programme, should be uploaded on the PIA’s website IT training to every trainee shall be for a minimum period of 60 hours, out of which hands on typing training will be imparted by a typing tutor for a minimum duration of 30 hours and every trainee shall be taught how to open e-mails, book train / bus tickets, use the internet search engine and other basic functional skills for the remaining 30 hours.
(ii)PIA must mandatorily introduce a module on soft skills (that shall include communication skills) in their training module.
(iii)The training module of a PIA should include a ‘Work Readiness Module’ to be
communicated to all trainees on the last 3 days of the training programme. This is to acquaint them with what to expect at the work site and to provide clarity on what is PF, overtime, his / her entitlement as an employee, call centre / facilitation centre details etc.
 The PIAs have training for different durations like 3 months, 6 months and 9 Months.
Funding
The programme for J&K have two components- (i) Component I: for Rural BPL youth and, (ii) Component II: for Rural Non BPL youth and Urban BPL /Non BPL youth.
The first component will be funded by MoRD from special NRLM. For the 2nd component, provision shall be made under a separate sub-head captioned “Skill, Empowerment and Employment scheme for J&K” under main SGSY head. Requisite funds for the 2nd component shall be obtained in the first batch of supplementary demand for grants during the next
financial year. For the subsequent yeas necessary provision will be included in the respective Annual Plan.
Implementation
The first batch of 1,059 trained youth have been posted in various private companies in various cities of north India, mainly in Delhi and Chandigarh. The youth were trained and given jobs by private companies. The trained youth, mostly school dropouts, matriculates and Class XII, were wanting jobs to sustain their families.
Union Rural Development Minister made it clear in April 2013 that two ambitious projects — Umeed for empowerment of women and Himayat for capacity building and employment of youth — would be soon extended to all 143 rural development blocks in Jammu and Kashmir.

Thursday, 03rd Oct 2013, 07:36:33 PM

Add Your Comment:
Post Comment