Health Related Programmes


Ajit Kumar AJIT KUMARWISDOM IAS, New Delhi.

                                                                                                                                   Updated in March 2015
Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin): This was launched on 2nd October, 2014, which aims at attaining an Open Defecation Free India by 2nd October, 2019, by providing access to toilet facilities to all rural households and initiating Solid and Liquid Waste Management activities in all Gram Panchayats to promote cleanliness. Under SBM(G), the incentives for Individual Household latrines (IHHLs) have been enhanced from Rs.10,000/- to Rs. 12,000/- to provide for water availability. The part funding from Mahatma Gandhi NREGA for the payment of incentives for the construction of Individual House Hold Latrines (IHHLs) is now paid from the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin). Initiatives by the Government in this regard include media campaigns, provisioning for incentivizing ASHAs and Anganwadi workers for promoting sanitation, guidelines to involve Corporates in Sanitation sector through Corporate Social Responsibilities, strengthening online monitoring system for entering households level data gathered from the Baseline Survey.
National Health Mission (NHM): The NHM came into being in 2013 to enable universal access to equitable, affordable, and quality health care services. It subsumes the NRHM and National Urban Health Mission (NUHM) as sub-missions. The NUHM was initiated in 2013 to cover all cities/ towns with a population of more than 50,000 and all district headquarters with a population above 30,000. Other towns would continue to be covered under the NRHM. Additionally services of nearly 9 lakh Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) have contributed to healthcare service delivery.
 Rural Drinking Water –  National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP):
-  20,000 number of Solar Power Based Water Supply Schemes have been approved across all the States for their habitationsl located in far flung / hilly areas or where availability of electricity is a constraint.  –
- During the massive floods in Jammul & Kashmir , mobile water treatment plant and drinking water bottles / pouches were airlifted for the flood affected inhabitants. 
- Guidelines with regard to Community Water Purification Plants  For identifying ground water sources, the Ministry prepared Hydro Geo-Morphological Maps and gave them to the States.
-   Move for Certification of ISO-9001 for the Ministry - The Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation is working towardsl obtaining ISO – 9001 Certification
Pradhan Mantri Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (PMSSY): Under the PMSSY, six All India Institute for Medical Sciences (AIIMS) - in the first phase have become functional. Besides, up-gradation of total 58 medical colleges, 13 medical colleges in the first phase, 6 in the second phase and 39 in the third phase has been envisaged. Further, under phase-IV of PMSSY, 12 more medical colleges are proposed to be upgraded and four AIIMS like institutes each at Andhra Pradesh, Vidarbha region (Maharashtra), West Bengal and Poorvanchal are proposed to be established. Human Resources, Infrastructure Development/ Upgradation in Tertiary Health Care: With a view to strengthening the medical education infrastructure in the country, the Government has initiated two new Centrally Sponsored Schemes, i.e., the ‘Establishment of New Medical Colleges attached with District/ Referral hospitals’ with a corpus of Rs. 10,971.1 crore and the “Upgradation of existing State Government/ Central Government medical colleges to increase MBBS seats in the country” with a corpus of Rs. 10,000 crore. Scheme of Assistance for the Prevention of Alcoholism and Substance (Drugs) Abuse: The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment coordinates and monitors all aspects of drug abuse prevention which include assessment of the extent of the problem, preventive action, treatment and rehabilitation of addicts and public awareness. Under this scheme, financial assistance up to 90% of the approved expenditure is given to the voluntary organizations and other eligible agencies for setting up/running Integrated Rehabilitation Centre for Addicts (IRCAs).
 


Monday, 16th Mar 2015, 08:56:23 AM

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