Government Policies to generate Employment


Ajit Kumar AJIT KUMARWISDOM IAS, New Delhi.

 The government has been financing various types of special programmes designed to create additional employment opportunities to supplement the employment generated by the economy in the normal course. Some of the important programmes explained below:-

1. Employment programmes for the Rural Poor: The major ongoing employment programme or the rural poor are the Swarnajayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY), which is a self employment programme involving merger of the erstwhile IRDP and various component programmes, and Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY), which is a wage employment programme involving integration of the schemes of Jawahar Gram Samriddhi Yojana (JGSY) and Employment Assurance Scheme (EAS). National Food For Work Programme (NFFWP), Rural Employment Generation Programme (REGP), The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS).

2. Employment Programmes For the Urban Poor: Along with the effort in rural areas, there have been special employment programmes for urban areas focusing on both wage employment as well as self employment for the urban poor. This will help them to gain collective strength to tackle the issues of poverty facing them and participate in the effective implementation of urban poverty alleviation programmes.'

 3. Self Employment for Educated Youth: In addition to the above programmes strategy was also tried to provide employment opportunities for growing number of educated youth who may not be from poor families but who face severe difficulties in finding gainful employment.
 
4. Khadi and Village Industries: An important element in the Government's strategy to promote employment in rural areas is the support provided for Khadi and for a number of traditional village industries including beekeeping, handmade paper, ghari oil, pickle, masala, dalia, aggarbatthi, leather products, soap, etc.

5. Other Programmes: Other programmes of centre and states which are primarily for generating self employment among special sectors of labour force are : i) National Minorities Finance and Development Corporation ii) National Backward Classes Finance and Development Corporation iii) National SC/ST Finance and Development Corporation iv) National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation v) Support for Training and Employment Programme, and vii) National Credit Fund for Women


Thursday, 17th Mar 2016, 12:51:00 PM

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