Formation of Adverbs - Rules


Ajit Kumar AJIT KUMARWISDOM IAS, New Delhi.

1. Adverbs of Manner are mostly formed from Adjectives by adding ‘ly’:
 
Clever, cleverly; wise, wisely; kind, kindly; foolish, foolishly; quick, quickly; beautiful,
beautifully.
 
2. When the Adjective ends in ‘y’ preceded by a consonant, change ‘v’ into ‘I’ and add ‘ly’:
 
Happy, happily; ready, readily; heavy, heavily.
 
3. When the Adjective ends in ‘le’, simply change ‘e ‘into ‘y’:
 
Single, singly; double, doubly.
 
4. Some Adverbs are made up of a Noun and a qualifying Adjective:
 
Sometimes, meantime, meanwhile, yesterday, midway, otherwise.
 
5. Some Adverbs are compounds of ‘ a’ and a Noun:
 
Afoot (= on foot), abed, asleep, ahead, aboard, away.
 
6. Similarly there are other Adverbs which are also compounds of some Preposition and a Noun:
 
Betimes, besides, to-day, to-morrow; overboard.
 
7. Some Adverbs are compounds of a Preposition and an Adjective:
 
Abroad, along, aloud, anew, behind, below, beyond.
 
8. Some Adverbs are compounds of a Preposition and an Adverb:
 
Within, without, before, beneath.
  
9. Many of the above Adverbs are compounded with Prepositions:
 
Thereby, therefrom, therein, thereof, thereon, thereto, there with; hereafter, hereby,
herein, hereupon, herewith; wherefore, wherein, whereon, whereof; hitherto;
thenceforth, thenceforward; henceforth, henceforward.
 
10. Two Adverbs sometimes go together, joined by the Conjunction ‘and’:
first and foremost (= first of all), . .
now and then (= from time to time, occasionally),
now and again (= at intervals, sometimes, occasionally),
off and on (= not regularly, intermittently).



Thursday, 09th Mar 2017, 12:33:28 PM

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