Education Related Programmes


Ajit Kumar AJIT KUMARWISDOM IAS, New Delhi.

                                                                                                         Updated in March 2015
Education through broadband facilities: Under this mission more than 700 courses in various disciplines in engineering and science are available online under National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL). E-content for 8 undergraduate subjects has also been generated by the Consortium of Education Communication (CEC) in collaboration with its media centers.
Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya National Mission on Teachers and Teaching: The Mission envisages to address comprehensively all issue related to teachers, teaching, teacher preparation, professional development curriculum design, designing and development assessment. It is also envisaged that the mission would pursue long term goals of building a strong professional cadre of teachers by setting performance standards and creating top class institutional facilities for innovative teaching and professional development of teachers.
 Higher Education for persons with special needs (HEPSN)- The University Grant Commission (UGC) implemented scheme is basically meant for creating an environment at the higher education institutions to enrich higher education learning experiences for differently abled persons. Creating awareness about the capabilities of differently abled persons, constructions aimed at improving accessibility, purchase of equipments to enrich learning etc. are the broad categories of assistance under the scheme.
Enhancing Access to Higher Education in unreserved or underserved areas: Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan (RUSA) is enhancing access to higher education in unserved or underserved areas by setting up new institutions, and improving infrastructure and facilities in existing institutions. However, specific locations of these institutions are identified by the State Government based on their need assessment and requirements.
Launch of Unnat Bharat Abhiyan connecting higher education and society to enable technology and its use for development of rural areas.
 Launch of Global Initiative for Academics Network (GIAN), an initiative to attract the best foreign academics to Indian Universities of Excellence.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA)  The framework has been revised and reimbursement towards expenditure incurred for at least 25 percent admissions of children belonging to disadvantaged group and weaker section in private unaided schools would be supported from the academic year 2014-15.  –
- The Government in association with corporate sector has taken up for construction of toilets in all schools with a separate girls  toilets before 15th August, 2015.
-  ‘Padhe Bharat Badhe Bharat’ has been planned to improve language development by creating an enduring interest in reading  and writing with comprehension.
Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) The RMSA aims at enhancing access to secondary education and improving its quality to ensure GER more than 90 per cent by 2017 and universal retention by 2020. Revision of Certain Norms of the Scheme:
-  To permit State/UT Governments to use State Schedule of Rates(SSOR) or CPWD Rate, (whichever is lower) for constructionl of civil works permissible under the RMSA.  
- To increase the Management, Monitoring Evaluation and Research (MMER) from 2.2 percent to 4 percent of the total outlay  under the programme, with 0.5 percent of the 4 percent earmarked for national level and the rest of the 3.5 percent as part of the State allocation.  
- To authorize the RMSA Project Approval Board (PAB) of the Ministry of Human Resource Development to consider for  approval Integrated Plan of the umbrella scheme of RMSA,  
- To authorize the release of funds to the RMSA State Implementation Society directly for all components of the RMSA umbrella scheme
Teacher Education (TE): The Centrally Sponsored Scheme for TE has been revised for the XII Plan with an approved outlay of Rs. 6308.45 crore to be shared between the Centre and the States in the ratio of 75:25 (90:10 for NER) to strengthen SCERTs, establish DIETs, Institutes of Advanced Studies in Education (IASEs) and strengthen the existing Colleges of Teacher Education (CTEs) and up-grade existing Government secondary teacher education institutions into CTEs and Departments of Education in Universities as IASEs; and establish Block Institutes of Teacher Education (BITE) in identified 196 SC/ST/Minority Concentration Districts.
 Saakshar Bharat (SB): SB/ Adult Education: The focus of SB is female literacy. By the end of November 2014, the programme was sanctioned in 1.56 lakh gram panchayats of 396 low female literacy districts in 26 states and 1 UT. Over 1.52 lakh adult education centres have been set up, manned by 2.67 lakh village coordinators. Up to November 2014, about 3.13 million learners, of which around three-fourths are women, have successfully passed the assessment tests for basic literacy conducted by the National Institute of Open Schooling.
Schemes to encourage education among SC students and other schemes:
 i. Pre-Matric Scholarship Scheme for SC Students studying in Classes IX and X
 ii. Pre-Matric scholarships to students, whose parents are engaged in ‘unclean’ occupations
iii. Rajiv Gandhi National Fellowship Scheme aims at providing financial assistance to SC students pursuing M.Phil and Ph.D. courses.
 iv. National Overseas Scholarship Scheme: A financial support to students pursuing Master’s level courses and PhD/Post-Doctoral courses abroad, maximum 60 awards are to be given from the year 2013-14 onwards.
 v. Scheme of Top Class Education: Eligible students who secure admission in notified premier institutions like the IITs, IIMs, and NITs, are provided full financial support for meeting the requirements of tuition fees, living expenses, books, and computers.
Educational schemes for OBCs: The Pre-Matric scholarship scheme aims to motivate children of OBCs studying at Pre-Matric stage and Post-Matric scholarship intends to promote higher education by providing financial support leading to their earning Ph.D. Degrees.
Scheme for Economic Development: Under Assistance to Voluntary Organizations Working for Welfare of OBCs, grants-in-aid is provided to voluntary organizations to involve the non-Government sector by providing skill up-gradation amongst OBCs in various trades. Under the Scheme, financial assistance is provided to Non-Governmental Organizations for imparting various vocational trainings to OBCs.
 


Monday, 16th Mar 2015, 08:46:02 AM

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